In the end, the "writing test monster" was defeated, and my students faced the test with confidence and the tools they needed to be successful. I am proud to report that 17 out of my 18 students passed the writing test that year, and there was great jubilation in the classroom. The one student who didn't pass the test wrote to the state to ask for an explanation of her score. She received a detailed response and with a little more practice she passed the writing test on the next round. I am very proud of all of my students, and I feel honored to have played an important part in their successful graduation from high school. For many of them, these very basic writing skills provided a foundation with which to develop more advanced skills in college, and to ensure future success in their careers.
The Vikings were most feared because they used the seas as their highways. They could show up quickly and were nearly impossible to track. The Vikings were very skilled shipbuilders and navigators and only sailed between the months of April and early October. Their ships had a maximum speed of about 7 knots under oars. They were usually around . To enemies these ships were known for their incredible swiftness and maneuverability. This was because the ships were equipped with rudders. The ships could hold between 40 and 60 people. (From Viking to Crusader…Rizzoli)
The Viking Age ended when many states in Europe developed the feudal system. This system gave the local lords wealth and property in exchange for their services as cavalry soldiers in the army. The Viking raiders were no match for these heavily equipped, well trained soldiers. Consequently, the Viking settlements were crushed by these armies. During their existence, the Vikings had a definite impact on world history that will never be forgotten. They have left a legacy in history as having been fearless, cunning, and brutal warriors who had a dramatic impact on the advancement of civilization. (The Vikings…Living History.)
Some proficiency-based education proponents would say this kind of solution is in keeping with the spirit of proficiency-based education. It provides more latitude to students who need extra time to master a skill, although it isn’t truly self-paced. Students still must show up to class on a typical high school schedule. And while not every cornerstone is a test, students aren’t offered a menu of ways to prove their mastery — they must complete the cornerstone they’ve been assigned, be it an essay, an exam, or something more interactive.